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Kansas (engl. Aussprache Zum Anhören bitte klicken! Abspielen [ˈkʰænzəs]) ist ein im Kansas hat den Beinamen Sunflower State (Sonnenblumenstaat). Seit dieser Zeit versuchte die US-Regierung, Indianer in Land westlich des. Topeka ist die Hauptstadt des US-Bundesstaates Kansas und County Seat des Shawnee Nachdem Topeka zur Hauptstadt bestimmt worden war, wurde mit dem Bau des Kansas State Capitol begonnen. Während des Amerikanischen​. Kansas ist ein US-Bundesstaat im Mittleren Westens der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Kansas in United maine.se Flagge. Kansas state maine.se Bei einer Führung durch das erbaute Kansas State Capitol könnt ihr die Binnenstaat liegt, wurden drei Schiffe der US-Marine nach der Stadt benannt. US-Präsidenten Dwight D. Eisenhower. Manhattan, Heimat der Kansas State University, liegt in den Flint Hills – ein Landstrich, in dem sich zwischen den.

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Therefore, reducing pollutants benefits our state not only in the short term—but also for generations of Kansans to come.

In , Sam Brownback was elected governor with 63 percent of the state vote. He was sworn in as governor in , Kansas's first Republican governor in eight years.

Brownback had established himself as a conservative member of the U. Hundreds rallied against the decision.

Historically, Kansas has been strongly Republican, dating from the Antebellum age when the Republican Party was created out of the movement opposing the extension of slavery into Kansas Territory.

Kansas has not elected a Democrat to the U. Senate since the election, when Franklin D. Roosevelt won his first term as President in the wake of the Great Depression.

This is the longest Senate losing streak for either party in a single state. Senator Sam Brownback was a candidate for the Republican party nomination for President in Brownback was not a candidate for re-election to a third full term in , but he was elected Governor in that year's general election.

Moran defeated Tiahrt for the Republican nomination for Brownback's seat in the August primary, then won a landslide general election victory over Democrat Lisa Johnston.

In , George W. The only two counties to support Democrat John Kerry in that election were Wyandotte , which contains Kansas City , and Douglas , home to the University of Kansas , located in Lawrence.

Abilene was the boyhood home to Republican president Dwight D. Eisenhower , and he maintained lifelong ties to family and friends there. The New York Times reported in September that as the Democratic candidate for Senator has tried to drop out of the race, independent Greg Orman has attracted enough bipartisan support to seriously challenge the reelection bid of Republican Pat Roberts:.

The legal drinking age in Kansas is Although the sale of cereal malt beverage also known as 3. The following year the Legislature enacted the Liquor Control Act which created a system of regulating, licensing, and taxing, and the Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control ABC was created to enforce the act.

The power to regulate cereal malt beverage remains with the cities and counties. Liquor-by-the-drink did not become legal until passage of an amendment to the state's constitution in and additional legislation the following year.

As of November , Kansas still has 29 dry counties and only 17 counties have passed liquor-by-the-drink with no food sales requirement.

Education in Kansas is governed at the primary and secondary school level by the Kansas State Board of Education. The state's public colleges and universities are supervised by the Kansas Board of Regents.

Twice since the Board of Education has approved changes in the state science curriculum standards that encouraged the teaching of intelligent design.

Both times, the standards were reversed after changes in the composition of the board in the next election. The rock band Kansas was formed in the state capital of Topeka , the hometown of several of the band's members.

Joe Walsh , guitarist for the famous rock band the Eagles , was born in Wichita. Danny Carey , drummer for the band Tool , was raised in Paola.

Another song, the official state march adopted by the Kansas Legislature in is called The Kansas March , which features the lyrics, "Blue sky above us, silken strands of heat, Rim of the far horizon, where earth and heaven meet, Kansas as a temple, stands in velvet sod, Shrine which the sunshine, sanctifies to God.

The state's most famous appearance in literature was as the home of Dorothy Gale, the main character in the novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Kansas was also the setting of the best-seller In Cold Blood , described by its author Truman Capote as a "nonfiction novel".

Mixing fact and fiction, the book chronicles the events and aftermath of the murder of a wealthy farmer and his family who lived in the small West Kansas town of Holcomb in Finney County.

The science fiction novella A Boy and His Dog , as well as the film based on it, [] take place in post-apocalyptic Topeka.

The winner of the Newbery Medal for excellence in children's literature, Moon Over Manifest , tells the story of a young and adventurous girl named Abilene who is sent to the fictional town of Manifest, Kansas, by her father in the summer of It was written by Kansan Clare Vanderpool.

Lawrence is the setting for a number of science fiction writer James Gunn 's novels. The first film theater in Kansas was the Patee Theater in Lawrence.

Most theaters at the time showed films only as part of vaudeville acts but not as an exclusive and stand alone form of entertainment.

Though the Patee family had been involved in vaudeville , they believed films could carry the evening without other variety acts, but in order to show the films it was necessary for the Patee's to establish a generating plant back in Lawrence was not yet fully electrified.

The Patee Theater was one of the first of its kind west of the Mississippi River. The specialized equipment like the projector came from New York.

Kansas has been the setting of many award-winning and popular American films, as well as being the home of some of the oldest operating cinemas in the world.

The Plaza Cinema in Ottawa, Kansas, located in the northeastern portion of the state, was built on May 22, , and it is listed by the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest operating cinema in the world.

Sporting Kansas City, who have played their home games at Village West in Kansas City , since , are the first top-tier professional sports league and first Major League Soccer team to be located within Kansas.

FC Kansas City , a charter member of the National Women's Soccer League , played the season , the first for both the team and the league, on the Kansas side of the metropolitan area, but played on the Missouri side until folding after the season.

Some Kansans, mostly from the westernmost parts of the state, support the professional sports teams of Denver , particularly the Denver Broncos of the NFL.

Two major auto racing facilities are located in Kansas. The history of professional sports in Kansas probably dates from the establishment of the minor league baseball Topeka Capitals and Leavenworth Soldiers in in the Western League.

Louis Browns the present-day Cardinals , by a score of 12—9. However, Topeka was unable to support the team, and it disbanded after one year.

The first night game in the history of professional baseball was played in Independence on April 28, when the Muscogee Oklahoma Indians beat the Independence Producers 13—3 in a minor league game sanctioned by the Western League of the Western Baseball Association with 1, fans attending the game.

The permanent lighting system was first used for an exhibition game on April 17, between the Independence Producers and House of David semi-professional baseball team of Benton Harbor, Michigan with the Independence team winning 9—1 before a crowd of 1, spectators.

While there are no franchises of the four major professional sports within the state, many Kansans are fans of the state's major college sports teams, especially the Jayhawks of the University of Kansas KU , and the Wildcats of Kansas State University KSU or "K-State".

The teams are rivals in the Big 12 Conference. Both KU and K-State have tradition-rich programs in men's basketball. The Jayhawks are a perennial national power, ranking second in all-time victories among NCAA programs, behind Kentucky.

The Jayhawks have won five national titles, including NCAA tournament championships in , , and They also were retroactively awarded national championships by the Helms Foundation for and K-State also had a long stretch of success on the hardwood, lasting from the s to the s, making four Final Fours during that stretch.

KU is fifth all-time with 15 Final Four appearances, while K-State's four appearances are tied for 17th. However, there have been recent breakthroughs for both schools' football teams.

The Jayhawks won the Orange Bowl for the first time in three tries in , capping a 12—1 season, the best in school history. And when Bill Snyder arrived to coach at K-State in , he turned the Wildcats from one of the worst college football programs in America, [] into a national force for most of the s and early s.

The team won the Fiesta Bowl in , achieved an undefeated 11—0 regular season and No. After three seasons in which K-State football languished, Snyder came out of retirement in and guided them to the top of the college football ranks again, finishing second in the Big 12 in and earning a berth in the Cotton Bowl , and winning the Big 12 again in In baseball, the Shockers won the College World Series in The school also fielded a football team from to The Shocker football team is tragically known for a plane crash in that killed 31 people, including 14 players.

Notable success has also been achieved by the state's smaller schools in football. PSU passed Hillsdale College at the top of the all-time victories list in the season on its march to the national runner-up finish.

The Gorillas, in 96 seasons of intercollegiate competition, have accumulated victories, posting a ——48 overall mark.

The Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference has its roots as one of the oldest college sport conferences in existence and participates in the NAIA and all ten member schools are in the state of Kansas.

Many junior colleges also have active athletic programs. Emporia State 's women's basketball team, under head coach Brandon Schneider , who is now serving as the women's basketball coach at the University of Kansas, has seen success as well.

Emporia State and Washburn in Topeka share a heated rivalry in all sports, mostly due to the close proximity of both cities.

It oversees both athletic and non-athletic competition, and sponsors championships in several sports and activities. The association is perhaps best known for devising the overtime system now used for almost all football games below the professional level which has also been adopted at all levels of Canadian football.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 31 August This article is about the U. For the American progressive rock band, see Kansas band.

For other uses, see Kansas disambiguation. State in the United States. Ad astra per aspera Latin for To the stars through difficulties.

Mount Sunflower [5] [6]. Verdigris River at Oklahoma border [5] [6]. Main article: History of Kansas. Main article: Geology of Kansas.

Further information: List of taxa described from Kansas. Main article: Rural flight. See also: List of cities in Kansas.

See also: Kansas locations by per capita income. See also: Government of Kansas and Political party strength in Kansas.

See also: U. Congressional Delegations from Kansas. See also: Alcohol laws of Kansas. Main article: Education in Kansas.

Main article: Music of Kansas. See also: Kansas Notable Book Awards. See also: List of films set in Kansas. See also: List of college athletic programs in Kansas.

Main article: List of people from Kansas. Main article: List of Kansas landmarks. Kansas portal United States portal.

Archived from the original on March 16, Retrieved May 31, Archived from the original on June 25, Archived from the original on June 4, United States Geological Survey.

Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved October 21, The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, Retrieved December 9, Census website".

United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, US English. May 11, Archived from the original on July 10, Retrieved August 6, Archived from the original on January 27, Retrieved August 15, Retrieved April 13, Heather K.

Hardy and Janine Scancarelli. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, p. A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans , ch. Archived from the original on July 27, Retrieved July 31, Archived from the original on May 11, Retrieved December 30, Kansas Department of Agriculture.

Archived from the original on September 20, Retrieved September 14, April 3, Archived from the original on April 3, Partin Retrieved January 24, Archived from the original on July 30, Retrieved May 20, Archived from the original on January 24, National Park Service.

Archived from the original on December 17, Retrieved July 15, National Climatic Data Center. Archived from the original on October 16, Retrieved October 25, Archived from the original on March 4, Retrieved April 9, Archived from the original on November 3, Archived from the original on March 5, March 3, Retrieved March 3, The New York Times.

US : Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 23, Retrieved December 5, I drove 1, miles to find out why". New Food Economy.

Retrieved May 16, US: Government. Archived from the original on November 18, Retrieved October 12, July 25, Archived from the original on July 25, American Community Survey Office.

Archived from the original on September 10, The Plain Dealer. Archived from the original on July 14, Retrieved September 4, Archived from the original on November 12, Retrieved November 12, Southern Poverty Law Center.

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Historic Leavenworth , founded in , was the first incorporated city in Kansas. The city of Atchison was an early commercial center in the state and is well known as the birthplace of Amelia Earhart.

To the west, nearly a quarter million people reside in the Topeka metropolitan area. Built at a Kansas River crossing along the old Oregon Trail , this historic city has several nationally registered historic places.

Further westward along Interstate 70 and the Kansas River is Junction City with its historic limestone and brick buildings and nearby Fort Riley , well known as the home to the U.

A short distance away, the city of Manhattan is home to Kansas State University , the second-largest public university in the state and the nation's oldest land-grant university, dating back to South of the campus, Aggieville dates back to and is the state's oldest shopping district of its kind.

In south-central Kansas, the Wichita metropolitan area is home to more than , people. Wichita's population growth has grown by double digits and the surrounding suburbs are among the fastest growing cities in the state.

Wichita was one of the first cities to add the city commissioner and city manager in their form of government.

Up river the Arkansas River from Wichita is the city of Hutchinson. The city was built on one of the world's largest salt deposits, and it has the world's largest and longest wheat elevator.

North of Wichita along Interstate is the city of Newton , the former western terminal of the Santa Fe Railroad and trailhead for the famed Chisholm Trail.

The city of Udall was the site of the deadliest tornado in Kansas on May 25, ; it killed 80 people in and near the city.

Located midway between Kansas City, Topeka, and Wichita in the heart of the Bluestem Region of the Flint Hills , the city of Emporia has several nationally registered historic places and is the home of Emporia State University , well known for its Teachers College.

It was also the home of newspaper man William Allen White. Southeast Kansas has a unique history with a number of nationally registered historic places in this coal-mining region.

The neighboring city of Frontenac in was the site of the worst mine disaster in the state in which an underground explosion killed 47 miners.

Along with the restored fort, historic Fort Scott has a national cemetery designated by President Lincoln in Salina is the largest city in central and north-central Kansas.

South of Salina is the small city of Lindsborg with its numerous Dala horses. Much of the architecture and decor of this town has a distinctly Swedish style.

To the east along Interstate 70 , the historic city of Abilene was formerly a trailhead for the Chisholm Trail and was the boyhood home of President Dwight D.

Eisenhower , and is the site of his Presidential Library and the tombs of the former President, First Lady and son who died in infancy.

Westward along the Interstate, the city of Russell , traditionally the beginning of sparsely-populated northwest Kansas, was the base of former U. Senator Bob Dole and the boyhood home of U.

Senator Arlen Specter. The city of Hays is home to Fort Hays State University and the Sternberg Museum of Natural History, and is the largest city in the northwest with a population of around 20, Dodge City , famously known for the cattle drive days of the late 19th century, was built along the old Santa Fe Trail route.

The city of Liberal is located along the southern Santa Fe Trail route. The first wind farm in the state was built east of Montezuma.

Garden City has the Lee Richardson Zoo. In , a short-lived secessionist movement advocated the secession of several counties in southwest Kansas.

Total Employment of the metropolitan areas in the State of Kansas by total Non-farm Employment in [66]. Total Number of employer establishments in 74, [68].

As of , there were 59, farms in Kansas, 86 0. By far, the most significant agricultural crop in the state is wheat. Eastern Kansas is part of the Grain Belt , an area of major grain production in the central United States.

The industrial outputs are transportation equipment, commercial and private aircraft, food processing, publishing, chemical products, machinery, apparel, petroleum, and mining.

Kansas is ranked eighth in US petroleum production. Production has experienced a steady, natural decline as it becomes increasingly difficult to extract oil over time.

Since oil prices bottomed in , oil production in Kansas has remained fairly constant, with an average monthly rate of about 2. The recent higher prices have made carbon dioxide sequestration and other oil recovery techniques more economical.

Kansas is also ranked eighth in US natural gas production. Production has steadily declined since the mids with the gradual depletion of the Hugoton Natural Gas Field —the state's largest field which extends into Oklahoma and Texas.

In , slower declines in the Hugoton gas fields and increased coalbed methane production contributed to a smaller overall decline.

The state's economy is also heavily influenced by the aerospace industry. Boeing ended a decades-long history of manufacturing in Kansas between and Telephone company Embarq formerly had its national headquarters in Overland Park before its acquisition by CenturyTel in , and still employs several hundred people in Gardner.

Approximately 25, active duty soldiers and airmen are stationed at these bases which also employ approximately 8, civilian DoD employees.

The US Army Reserve also has the st Expeditionary Sustainment Command headquartered in Wichita that serves reservists and their units from around the region.

The Smoky Hill Weapons Range, a detachment of the Intelligence Wing, is one of the largest and busiest bombing ranges in the nation.

Many of those airfields live on today as municipal airports. Tax is collected by the Kansas Department of Revenue.

Some increase in debt was expected as the state continues with its year Comprehensive Transportation Program enacted in In , Kansas had three income brackets for income tax calculation, ranging from 3.

The state sales tax in Kansas is 6. Various cities and counties in Kansas have an additional local sales tax. Except during the recession March—November , when monthly sales tax collections were flat, collections have trended higher as the economy has grown and two rate increases have been enacted.

The state sales tax is a combined destination-based tax, meaning a single tax is applied that includes state, county, and local taxes, and the rate is based on where the consumer takes possession of the goods or services.

Thanks to the destination structure and the numerous local special taxing districts, Kansas has separate sales tax rates ranging from 6.

All sales tax collected is remitted to the state department of revenue, and local taxes are then distributed to the various taxing agencies.

As of June , Moody's Investors Service ranked the state 14th for net tax-supported debt per capita. As a percentage of personal income, it was at 3.

The state has a statutory requirement to maintain cash reserves of at least 7. During his campaign for the election, Governor Sam Brownback called for a complete "phase out of Kansas's income tax".

He made cuts to education and some state services to offset lost revenue. From to , , businesses were considered to be pass-through income entities and benefited from the tax exemption.

The tax reform "encouraged tens of thousands of Kansans to claim their wages and salaries as income from a business rather than from employment.

The economic growth that Brownback anticipated never materialized. He argued that it was because of "low wheat and oil prices and a downturn in aircraft sales".

Only 26 percent of Kansas voters approved of his job performance, compared to 65 percent who said they did not.

In February , a bi-partisan coalition presented a bill that would repeal the pass-through income exemption, the "most important provisions of Brownback's overhaul", and raise taxes to make up for the budget shortfall.

Brownback vetoed the bill but "45 GOP legislators had voted in favor of the increase, while 40 voted to uphold the governor's veto.

Spur routes serve as connections between the two major routes. I , a north—south route, connects I at Wichita to I at Salina. I , a southwest—northeast route, connects I at Emporia to I at Topeka.

I and portions of I and I make up the Kansas Turnpike. I is a beltway around the Kansas City metropolitan area while I bypasses through Kansas City.

Kansas also has the country's third largest state highway system after Texas and California. This is because of the high number of counties and county seats and their intertwining.

Weather and road condition information is updated every 15 minutes. Eisenhower National Airport , located along US on the western edge of the city.

For those in the far western part of the state, Denver International Airport is a popular option. Plans call for shortening the route to Los Angeles to Albuquerque.

Thruway buses would replace the train on the route between Albuquerque and Dodge City, where train service east to Chicago would resume.

Executive branch : The executive branch consists of one officer and five elected officers. The governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket.

The attorney general, secretary of state, state treasurer, and state insurance commissioner are each elected separately. Legislative branch : The bicameral Kansas Legislature consists of the Kansas House of Representatives , with members serving two-year terms, and the Kansas Senate , with 40 members serving four-year terms.

Judicial branch : The judicial branch of the state government is headed by the Kansas Supreme Court.

The court has seven judges. A vacancy is filled by the Governor picking one of three nominees selected by the nine-member Kansas Supreme Court Nominating Commission.

The board consists of five Kansas lawyers elected by other Kansas lawyers and four members selected by the governor.

Since the midth century, Kansas has remained one of the most socially conservative states in the nation.

The s brought the defeat of prominent Democrats, including Dan Glickman , and the Kansas State Board of Education 's decision to eliminate evolution from the state teaching standards, a decision that was later reversed.

The next year, the state passed a law setting a minimum age for marriage at 15 years. Kansas has a history of many firsts in legislative initiatives—it was the first state to institute a system of workers' compensation and to regulate the securities industry Kansas also permitted women's suffrage in , almost a decade before the federal constitution was amended to require it.

Constitution in The council—manager government model was adopted by many larger Kansas cities in the years following World War I while many American cities were being run by political machines or organized crime , notably the Pendergast Machine in neighboring Kansas City, Missouri.

Kansas was also at the center of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka , a Supreme Court decision that banned racially segregated schools throughout the U.

Dewey in and , respectively. Kansas also supported Dewey in despite the presence of incumbent president Harry S. Johnson in In , Governor Kathleen Sebelius vetoed permits for the construction of new coal-fired energy plants in Kansas, saying: "We know that greenhouse gases contribute to climate change.

As an agricultural state, Kansas is particularly vulnerable. Therefore, reducing pollutants benefits our state not only in the short term—but also for generations of Kansans to come.

In , Sam Brownback was elected governor with 63 percent of the state vote. He was sworn in as governor in , Kansas's first Republican governor in eight years.

Brownback had established himself as a conservative member of the U. Hundreds rallied against the decision. Historically, Kansas has been strongly Republican, dating from the Antebellum age when the Republican Party was created out of the movement opposing the extension of slavery into Kansas Territory.

Kansas has not elected a Democrat to the U. Senate since the election, when Franklin D. Roosevelt won his first term as President in the wake of the Great Depression.

This is the longest Senate losing streak for either party in a single state. Senator Sam Brownback was a candidate for the Republican party nomination for President in Brownback was not a candidate for re-election to a third full term in , but he was elected Governor in that year's general election.

Moran defeated Tiahrt for the Republican nomination for Brownback's seat in the August primary, then won a landslide general election victory over Democrat Lisa Johnston.

In , George W. The only two counties to support Democrat John Kerry in that election were Wyandotte , which contains Kansas City , and Douglas , home to the University of Kansas , located in Lawrence.

Abilene was the boyhood home to Republican president Dwight D. Eisenhower , and he maintained lifelong ties to family and friends there.

The New York Times reported in September that as the Democratic candidate for Senator has tried to drop out of the race, independent Greg Orman has attracted enough bipartisan support to seriously challenge the reelection bid of Republican Pat Roberts:.

The legal drinking age in Kansas is Although the sale of cereal malt beverage also known as 3. The following year the Legislature enacted the Liquor Control Act which created a system of regulating, licensing, and taxing, and the Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control ABC was created to enforce the act.

The power to regulate cereal malt beverage remains with the cities and counties. Liquor-by-the-drink did not become legal until passage of an amendment to the state's constitution in and additional legislation the following year.

As of November , Kansas still has 29 dry counties and only 17 counties have passed liquor-by-the-drink with no food sales requirement. Education in Kansas is governed at the primary and secondary school level by the Kansas State Board of Education.

The state's public colleges and universities are supervised by the Kansas Board of Regents. Twice since the Board of Education has approved changes in the state science curriculum standards that encouraged the teaching of intelligent design.

Both times, the standards were reversed after changes in the composition of the board in the next election. The rock band Kansas was formed in the state capital of Topeka , the hometown of several of the band's members.

Joe Walsh , guitarist for the famous rock band the Eagles , was born in Wichita. Danny Carey , drummer for the band Tool , was raised in Paola.

Another song, the official state march adopted by the Kansas Legislature in is called The Kansas March , which features the lyrics, "Blue sky above us, silken strands of heat, Rim of the far horizon, where earth and heaven meet, Kansas as a temple, stands in velvet sod, Shrine which the sunshine, sanctifies to God.

The state's most famous appearance in literature was as the home of Dorothy Gale, the main character in the novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Kansas was also the setting of the best-seller In Cold Blood , described by its author Truman Capote as a "nonfiction novel".

Mixing fact and fiction, the book chronicles the events and aftermath of the murder of a wealthy farmer and his family who lived in the small West Kansas town of Holcomb in Finney County.

The science fiction novella A Boy and His Dog , as well as the film based on it, [] take place in post-apocalyptic Topeka.

The winner of the Newbery Medal for excellence in children's literature, Moon Over Manifest , tells the story of a young and adventurous girl named Abilene who is sent to the fictional town of Manifest, Kansas, by her father in the summer of It was written by Kansan Clare Vanderpool.

Lawrence is the setting for a number of science fiction writer James Gunn 's novels. The first film theater in Kansas was the Patee Theater in Lawrence.

Most theaters at the time showed films only as part of vaudeville acts but not as an exclusive and stand alone form of entertainment.

Though the Patee family had been involved in vaudeville , they believed films could carry the evening without other variety acts, but in order to show the films it was necessary for the Patee's to establish a generating plant back in Lawrence was not yet fully electrified.

The Patee Theater was one of the first of its kind west of the Mississippi River. The specialized equipment like the projector came from New York.

Kansas has been the setting of many award-winning and popular American films, as well as being the home of some of the oldest operating cinemas in the world.

The Plaza Cinema in Ottawa, Kansas, located in the northeastern portion of the state, was built on May 22, , and it is listed by the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest operating cinema in the world.

Sporting Kansas City, who have played their home games at Village West in Kansas City , since , are the first top-tier professional sports league and first Major League Soccer team to be located within Kansas.

FC Kansas City , a charter member of the National Women's Soccer League , played the season , the first for both the team and the league, on the Kansas side of the metropolitan area, but played on the Missouri side until folding after the season.

Some Kansans, mostly from the westernmost parts of the state, support the professional sports teams of Denver , particularly the Denver Broncos of the NFL.

Two major auto racing facilities are located in Kansas. The history of professional sports in Kansas probably dates from the establishment of the minor league baseball Topeka Capitals and Leavenworth Soldiers in in the Western League.

Louis Browns the present-day Cardinals , by a score of 12—9. However, Topeka was unable to support the team, and it disbanded after one year.

The first night game in the history of professional baseball was played in Independence on April 28, when the Muscogee Oklahoma Indians beat the Independence Producers 13—3 in a minor league game sanctioned by the Western League of the Western Baseball Association with 1, fans attending the game.

The permanent lighting system was first used for an exhibition game on April 17, between the Independence Producers and House of David semi-professional baseball team of Benton Harbor, Michigan with the Independence team winning 9—1 before a crowd of 1, spectators.

While there are no franchises of the four major professional sports within the state, many Kansans are fans of the state's major college sports teams, especially the Jayhawks of the University of Kansas KU , and the Wildcats of Kansas State University KSU or "K-State".

The teams are rivals in the Big 12 Conference. Both KU and K-State have tradition-rich programs in men's basketball. The Jayhawks are a perennial national power, ranking second in all-time victories among NCAA programs, behind Kentucky.

The Jayhawks have won five national titles, including NCAA tournament championships in , , and They also were retroactively awarded national championships by the Helms Foundation for and K-State also had a long stretch of success on the hardwood, lasting from the s to the s, making four Final Fours during that stretch.

KU is fifth all-time with 15 Final Four appearances, while K-State's four appearances are tied for 17th.

However, there have been recent breakthroughs for both schools' football teams. The Jayhawks won the Orange Bowl for the first time in three tries in , capping a 12—1 season, the best in school history.

And when Bill Snyder arrived to coach at K-State in , he turned the Wildcats from one of the worst college football programs in America, [] into a national force for most of the s and early s.

The team won the Fiesta Bowl in , achieved an undefeated 11—0 regular season and No. After three seasons in which K-State football languished, Snyder came out of retirement in and guided them to the top of the college football ranks again, finishing second in the Big 12 in and earning a berth in the Cotton Bowl , and winning the Big 12 again in In baseball, the Shockers won the College World Series in The school also fielded a football team from to The Shocker football team is tragically known for a plane crash in that killed 31 people, including 14 players.

Notable success has also been achieved by the state's smaller schools in football. However, they only accepted these abbreviations because of their popularity, preferring that patrons spell names out in full to avoid confusion.

The traditional abbreviations for U. The purpose, rather than to standardize state abbreviations per se , was to make room in a line of no more than 23 characters for the city, the state, and the ZIP code.

Since , only one state abbreviation has changed. The two-letter postal abbreviation system is complicated by the fact that several state names begin with the same letter e.

To avoid duplications, some abbreviations are not intuitive. Prior to , when the U. Secretary of Commerce approved the two-letter codes for use in government documents, [10] the United States Government Printing Office GPO suggested its own set of abbreviations, with some states left unabbreviated.

The United States Postal Service USPS has established a set of uppercase abbreviations to help process mail with optical character recognition and other automated equipment.

These two-letter codes are distinguished from traditional abbreviations such as Calif. The Associated Press Stylebook states that in contexts other than mailing addresses, the traditional state abbreviations should be used.

The postal abbreviation is the same as the ISO subdivision code for each of the fifty states. These codes do not overlap with the 13 Canadian subnational postal abbreviations.

The U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from List of U. Wikimedia list article.

See also: List of states and territories of the United States. December 9, Retrieved March 12, Washington, D. January 1, A new and complete statistical gazetteer of the United States of America.

Colton and Company. Retrieved February 26, Retrieved January 7, NSG Standards Registry. Retrieved February 6, GMA News.

Auch der Atlatl, die Speerschleuderverbreitete sich. Sie Gratis Online Spiele Spielen die nordöstlichste Fundstätte dieser Kultur. Vorwahl :. Diese Illustration editieren. Somit U21 Quali Kansas einer von nur zwei US-Bundesstaaten, die nach die Todesstrafe wiedereinführten, aber seitdem noch keinen Gebrauch von ihr machten der andere, New Hampshire, schaffte die Todesstrafe M2p Spiele Jahre wieder ab. Nach dem zeitweiligen Hinrichtungsstopp gab es ab in Kansas mehrere Versuche, die Todesstrafe wieder einzuführen. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel.

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